New Outer Harbour Areas (NAPE)
Macao, Macau, China
Equipment and Infrastructures
With a view to creating new urban expansion areas and simultaneously reorganise the territory, in 1982 and 1983 the Macau administration oversaw several competitions, designated as Urban Development Studies, which integrated the new Outer Harbour reclamation areas (NAPE) and Areia Preta.
The original plans were completed in 1984 and resulted in a careful analysis of the coastline and a methodology based on historical analysis of the morphological evolution of land use and on registration of the main urban typologies and features.
Basic parameters were then determined and an action strategy undertaken which took pre-existing elements into account so as to create a new urban area sequential to what was already there. The NAPE project is thus based on a reticulated grid. A road network hierarchy structures the disciplined occupation of the blocks, determining occupation and land-use percentages. These large scale blocks (144 metres by 62 along the street axis) are determined based on a typology whereby the high building is placed over a functional platform which includes parking and articulates a relationship between podium and building, thus ensuring unity between open areas and built volumes.
This defined road network hierarchy structures the occupation and the disciplined occupation of the blocks. The grid’s main streets are perpendicular to the shoreline; the existing main avenue here becomes a broad alameda extending to the sea, lending a civic air to the plan and contributing the quality of the new area’s urban life. The existing coastline is symbolically and functionally maintained by the creation of a canal which separated the new territorial extension.