Macao, Macau, China
Equipment and Infrastructures
Within the ambit of public amenities, the Red Market [Mercado Vermelho] along the Avenidas Lacerda and Horta e Costa represents the first construction that clearly followed the currents of the international modernist movement. Planned by the architect Júlio Alberto Basto in 1934, it was one of the amenities built to respond to the demographic and economic growth of the 1930s. It was initially a freestanding building in the new areas of the city, erected for the sale of vegetables and other fresh products.
It has three floors, occupies a whole block and has towers at each corner. It is designed on two clear symmetric axes, with a clock tower in the centre, that encompass the main entrance and the others on each corner. The main entranced is wide and conjugates with the body of the clock tower, which is higher and recessed with respect to the plain façade. The reinforced concrete structure, built on the pillar-beam system, has a formal grammar that marks the rhythm of the building, with windows in the interstitial spaces of the shear wall. In this way, modernity is assumed not only through the use of a geometric language but also through affirmation of the relationship between the constructive system and the formal expression. The name of the market comes from the mock brick facing.
The Red Market daily offers an enormous range of fresh products on its three floors. Besides being a building recognised for its heritage value, it is a fundamental segment of Macau’s bustling everyday life.