Namibe [Moçâmedes], Namibe, Angola
Equipment and Infrastructures
In the central area of the city there are unique examples of building. Among them, the Custom House (1863-1866) at Street of Praia do Bonfim, also classified as part of the cultural heritage of the city (dispatch no. 14, of the 18th April 1996), the building of the present day Direção Provincial da Cultura (Provincial Culture Office) and the current Municipal Administration. It is also worth mentioning the inscriptions on the Hill of the Torre do Tombo (Archives) near Namibe Bay, acknowledged as heritage by dispatch (no. 21, the 18th April 1996). Dating from the early 20th century the construction of the Railway Station should be mentioned and, which, according to some authors, (Fernandes, Janeiro, and Freudenthal), features the usual turn-of- the-century appearance with a triangular pediment capping the entrance and arched bays on the ground floor; and that of the Post Office, located in a central position, between the city and the beach. As for the 1930s, this period saw the construction of buildings, mainly institutions, in a modernist or in typically Portuguese Estado Novo architectural lines. For example, the Moçâmedes Hotel, the Cine Moçâmedes, the Port Captaincy and the Nautical Club, all located in downtown. In the uptown, near the Church of Saint Adrian, modern buildings were erected for the Finances Branch and Committee of the MPLA Party and, as the city extended from its original core, the Central Hospital and Private School of Our Lady of Fatima, built in 1953 with a design by the architect Eurico Pinto Lopes.
For the final stage, which lasted until independence, it is worth mentioning a cluster of buildings revealing Modern Movement characteristics, such as the Municipal Market, built in the 1960s; the Cine Impala and also the Cine-Theatre of a circular design, a free-standing two-storey building of reinforced concrete with a vaulted roof supported by visible pillars; the former Associação Industrial de Pescas (Industrial Fisheries Association) of an elegant design and volumetry; and the Joaquim Morais Sports Complex, mostly located in the centre. Other notable constructions are the building of modern day Provincial Government of Namibe and the Cine-Studio, located uptown. The later is abandoned and very dilapidated.